Drinking Water Treatment – Cation Exchange Units

EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Positively charged ions such as iron, magnesium, calcium or manganese.

NOT EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Negatively charged ions, such as nitrates, bicarbonate, sulfate, selenium, and some compounds of arsenic.

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Drinking Water Quantity-Low Yielding Domestic Water Wells

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Low-yielding domestic water wells

The objective of groundwater resource development is to design and construct a well capable of yielding a pumping rate compatible with the needs of the well owner’s intended use. Well yield is generally defined as the rate at which a well can be pumped while ensuring that the water level does not drop below …

Drinking Water Contaminant – Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

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Sources of volatile organic compounds in drinking water

Volatile Organic Chemicals (VOCs) are a class of chemicals that are carbon-containing and evaporate, or vaporize, easily into air at normal air temperatures. VOCs are found in a variety of commercial, industrial, and …

Drinking Water Contaminant – Sulfur, hydrogen sulfide

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Sources of sulfate and hydrogen sulfide in drinking water

Sulfates are a combination of sulfur and oxygen and are a part of naturally occurring minerals in some soil and rock formations that contain groundwater. The mineral dissolves …

Drinking Water Contaminant – Protozoa and Amoeba

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Sources of protozoa and amoeba in drinking water

Drinking water supplies that depend on surface or ground water are subject to contamination …

Drinking Water Treatment – Activated Carbon Filter

Image:BlueBottleFill.jpgNeed an activated carbon filter treatment system for purifying your private well water?
Things to consider before buying…

EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Unwanted tastes, odors, chlorine and iodine residuals, detergents, radon, and some man-made, organic chemicals such as many pesticides, and volatile organic chemicals, such as paint thinners. Lead and other heavy metals are removed only by a very specific type of activated carbon filter.

NOT EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Activated carbon filtration will not remove microbes, sodium, nitrates, fluoride, and hardness

Drinking Water Contaminant – Iron and manganese bacteria

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Sources of iron and manganese in drinking water

Iron and manganese are the 4th and 13th most common metallic elements found in the Earth’s crust, respectively. Water percolating through …

Drinking Water Contaminant – High total dissolved solids

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Sources of total dissolved solids in drinking water

Drinking Water Contaminant – Nitrate

Image:Wellhead.jpgNitrates in drinking water may cause adverse health effects. What are the sources of nitrate in private drinking water wells?

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Sources of nitrate in drinking water

Nitrate is a form of nitrogen …

Drinking Water Contaminant – Bacteria

Image:WellheadFlowers.jpgWhat should homeowners know about bacteria and their private well water systems?

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Sources of bacteria in drinking water

Bacteria of greatest concern in drinking water are those that originate from the gut of warm-blooded animals. Sources include …