Drinking Water Treatment – Potassium Permanganate

EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Dissolved iron and manganese, and hydrogen sulfide.

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Uses of potassium permanganate

Potassium permanganate is a point-of-entry treatment method that oxidizes dissolved iron, manganese, and hydrogen sulfide into solid particles that are …

Drinking Water Treatment – Ozone

EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Pathogenic (disease-causing) organisms including bacteria and viruses, phenols, some color, taste and odor problems, iron and manganese, and turbidity.

NOT EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Large cysts and some other large organisms, inorganic chemicals, and heavy metals.

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Drinking Water Treatment – Filtration

EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Small particles and suspended solids such as ferric iron, clay, silt and sand, and some pathogens such as bacteria and viruses, and colloids (suspended matter).

NOT EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Any dissolved contaminants such as nitrate, dissolved iron, sodium, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

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Drinking Water Treatment – Distillation

EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Some heavy metals, dissolved solids, some bacteria and viruses, inorganic materials such as nitrate, sodium, fluoride, and sulfate, and some toxic organic chemicals.

NOT EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Most volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and some bacteria.

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Distillation

Distillation is …

Drinking Water Treatment – Chlorination

Image:Wellhead.jpgChlorination may be effective in removing pathogens, including certain viruses and bacteria, from your well water system.

EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Pathogens, including certain viruses and bacteria.

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Drinking Water Treatment – Cation Exchange Units

EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Positively charged ions such as iron, magnesium, calcium or manganese.

NOT EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Negatively charged ions, such as nitrates, bicarbonate, sulfate, selenium, and some compounds of arsenic.

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Drinking Water Treatment – Anion Exchange Units

EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Negatively charge ions, such as nitrates, bicarbonate, sulfate, selenium, and some compounds of arsenic.

NOT EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Positively charged ions such as iron, magnesium, calcium or manganese.

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Drinking Water Treatment – Aeration

EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Aeration water treatment is effective for management of dissolved gases such as radon, carbon dioxide, some taste and odor problems such as methane, and hydrogen sulfide, as well as volatile organic compounds, like MTBE or industrial solvents. It is also effective in precipitating dissolved iron and manganese. Aeration raises the pH of water.

NOT EFFECTIVE AGAINST: Aeration is not effective for removal of heavy metals, or pathogenic (disease-causing) organisms like bacteria and viruses.

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Selecting a Home Water Treatment System

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Home Water Treatment Devices

The table below outlines information on specific home water treatment approaches. Keep in mind that some water treatment can be for aesthetic as well as health factors. If drinking water poses a health risk, the consumer may also consider the cost of purchasing bottled water or tying into a public water system if available as an alternative to treatment.
If you need to contact a water treatment professional to install or repair a home treatment system or to assess a …